WISMP or Water Resources and Irrigation Sector Management Project is capacity building program which is funded by World Bank with code of LOAN No. 4711-IND; CREDIT CR. 3807; GRANT TF 052124. The PPSIP Principles and Concepts The Program Activities of the new participatory irrigation management policy is called Pengenbangan & Pengelolaan Sistem Irigasi Partisipatif (PPSIP). The principles of PPSIP are:
1. Redefinition of tasks and responsibilities of irrigation management institutions to ensure a larger role for the farmer communities in decision taking;
2. Empowerment of farmers through autonomous, self reliant WUAs and WUAFs, rooted in rural society;
3. WUA/WUAF participation in irrigation management, with the principle of “one system, one management” and governance as close as possible to the users;
4. Transparent and effective financing of operation and maintenance, rehabilitation and development of irrigation systems based on real costs for O&M, rehabilitation, development and demand driven principles; and
5. Sustainability of irrigation systems through a general policy of water resources conservation and controlled conversion of irrigated land.
The Goals and Purpose of WISMP are:
1. Improve sector governance by implementing the country’s sector reforms and new planning, management and management information institutions initially begun under the World Bank (WB)-assisted Water Sector Adjustment Loan (WATSAL) agenda and, whose legal, policy and regulatory framework is provided by the Water Resources Law No.7 of 2004 (UU 7/04), its forthcoming Government Regulations (PP) and, subsequent national and regional government regulations and decrees.
2. Improve basin water resources and irrigation management performance through: (a) support for reoriented capacity building of central and regional government sector agencies and, stakeholder representation councils; and (b) empowerment and capacity building of community water user organizations and institutions in public irrigation schemes.
3. Improve fiscal sustainability of sector asset management and services by assisting the national and regional governments in formulating and implementing sustainable sector infrastructure asset management budgeting and beneficiary cost recovery mechanisms; and
4. Provision of investment funding to undertake a rolling program of selective and strategic rehabilitation of river and public irrigation infrastructure under WB-assisted projects.
The Project sub-components are as follows:
Sub-Component A: Sector & Basin Water Resources Management Component
1. Sector Governance & Basin Planning;
2. Management Capacity of Basin Agencies;
3. Fiscal and Cost Recovery Policy;
4. Basin Management and River Infrastructure Improvement; and
5. National Capacity Building Network
Sub-Component B: Participatory Irrigation Management Component
1. Water User Associations Capacity Building;
2. Irrigation Department Capacity Building;
3. Irrigation Infrastructure Improvement; and
4. Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Program.
Three ministries are involved in Part B of WISMP I, namely: Directorate General of Water Resources in the Ministry of Public Works (DGWR); DG of Regional Development (Bangda) of the Ministry of Home Affairs; and the DG of Land & Water Management of the Ministry of Agriculture (DGPLA). Each will have a WISMP National Project Implementation Unit (NPIU) whose primary task is to guide and monitor the project activities (including AWP preparation) carried out by their related participating provincial and kabupaten government development planning units (Bappeda) and, irrigation & agricultural agencies. Overall coordination, management and financial accounting will be provided by a National Project Management Unit (NPMU). Similarly, each participating province and kabupaten will have a PMU in its Bappeda and PIU in its irrigation and agricultural agencies.